You may have the most attractive landscaping, beautiful windows and charming mailbox, but black streaks running down your roof can ruin your home's curb appeal.
What causes those dark marks, and what can be done to eradicate them?
Roof experts say the source is an algae called Gloeocapsa magma. And depending on the age and condition of your roof, cleaning may be the most cost-effective solution, since it's about 5 to 10 percent of the price of a roof replacement, which can be as much as $10,000. Algae-caused marking isn't preventable but can be removed, though not always permanently. The algae survive through photosynthesis and by feeding on limestone filler used in asphalt shingles.
Black marks became a problem about 20 years ago, when manufacturers began adding limestone granules to add weight to material used to coat shingles.
Roof experts say that though other components are being added to shingles to hinder algae growth, they still get calls to deal with black marks on relatively new roofs. They say that while shingle manufacturers offer products treated with copper or zinc to inhibit algae growth, their effect wears down over time.
Most black streaks form on the northern slopes of roofs, where it's darker and wetter -- ideal for algae growth. Areas of the country with low humidity have fewer instances of roof streaks, while the problem is relatively common in the Southeast, where it's more humid and warm. The algae appear blue-green when the organisms form an outer coating to protect themselves from ultraviolet rays. Algae turn black when it decays.
While the dark streaks are unsightly, experts tell our team that the greatest danger to the roof is from moisture retention or root damage that algae and other life forms can cause. Also, algae and fungus can grow together to form lichen, the roots of which can wrap around and feed on the granules covering the shingles. Once established, lichen is not easily removed. Even if it dries out, it can come back to life with the next rain. Scrubbing or power washing lichen will only cause more damage.